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Area
Employer
Information/Strategies

Human Services

  • Direct Care:
    • Counseling
    • Case Management
    • Mental Health Services
    • Crisis Work
    • Community Organizing
  • Administration:
    • Advocacy
    • Programming
    • Community Relations
    • Development/Fund Raising
  • Federal, state, and local government
  • Advocacy groups
  • Religiously-affiliated organizations
  • Non-profit agencies
  • Community service organizations
  • Private foundations
  • Adoption and child care agencies
  • Nursing homes and retirement communities
  • Residential treatment facilities
  • Hospitals and wellness centers
  • Halfway houses
  • Correctional facilities
  • Vocational services
  • Educational information services
  • Insurance companies
  • Concentrate course work in an area of interest such as youth, gerontology, or poverty.
  • Understand goals and missions of social service work.
  • Develop helping skills through volunteer positions.
  • Spend summers working at camps, YMCA’s, or other social service agencies.
  • Serve as a Peer Mentor, Resident Assistant, or other student leader.
  • Gain experience with diverse populations.
  • Develop excellent communication skills.
  • Learn a second language in order to interact with non-English speakers and increase marketability.
  • Relate your background to what the employer needs. Earn a master’s degree in social work, counseling, or other related field to increase employment opportunities.
  • Most states require licensure or certification for positions involving the direct provision of therapeutic services to clients.


Criminal Justice

  • Court Reporting
  • Court Administration
  • Law Enforcement
  • Corrections
  • Probation and Parole
  • Rehabilitation
  • Prevention Programming
  • Victim Services
  • Forensics
  • Investigation
  • Security
  • Loss Prevention/Asset Protection
  • City/County Government Organizations including:
    • Police departments
    • Correction facilities
    • County sheriff departments
    • Liquor Control Commission
    • Animal control offices
  • State Government Organizations including:
    • State troopers
    • Crime labs
    • Penitentiaries
  • Federal Government Organizations including:
    • U.S. Customs and Border Protection
    • Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
    • Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
    • Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)
    • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    • Department of Homeland Security
    • Postal Service
    • Federal Marshals
    • Wildlife, Fisheries, and Parks
    • United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
    • National Parks Service
    • Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF)
    • Armed services
  • Prisons
  • Detention centers
  • Youth corrections facilities
  • Airports and other transportation facilities
  • Crime laboratories
  • Colleges and universities
  • Banks
  • Choose criminal justice courses or concentration in sociology.
  • Attend a post-secondary vocational or technical college that offers court reporting certification programs.
  • Volunteer to work with at-risk youth and families.
  • Gain experience working with diverse populations.
  • Complete a formal police academy program upon graduation.
  • Consider obtaining experience in a branch of the military.
  • For forensics, take a significant number of science classes and plan to earn a master’s degree in forensic science or related discipline.
  • Become familiar with the government application process and seek assistance from the campus career center.
  • Learn a second language for increased marketability.


Law

  • Prosecution
  • Defense
  • Contractual
  • Corporate
  • Nonprofit or Public Interest
  • Government
  • Mediation
  • Lobbying
  • Law Assistance
  • Law firms
  • Federal, state and local government
  • Corporations
  • Public interest organizations
  • Private practice
  • Colleges and universities
  • Supplement curriculum with classes that help prepare students for the rigors of law school.
  • Participate in a debate or forensic team to hone communication skills.
  • Develop strong research skills and attention to detail.
  • Gain experience with mediation and conflict resolution.
  • Get involved with pre-law organizations.
  • Obtain a summer or part-time job in a law firm.
  • Plan to shadow an attorney to learn more about the field and various specialties. Look for ways to get experience in field of interest, e.g. sports, juvenile justice, environment, etc.
  • Attend law school and earn a JD from a school accredited by the American Bar Association to become an attorney. Maintain an excellent grade point average and secure strong faculty recommendations to gain law school admittance. Plan to take the LSAT.
  • Complete a certificate program to prepare for paralegal positions.


Education

  • K-12:
    • Teaching (Elementary, Middle, Secondary)
    • School Counseling
    • Administration
  • Higher Education:
    • Teaching
    • Research
    • Administration
    • Student Affairs
    • Information/Library Services
  • K-12 schools, public and private
  • Boards of education
  • Four-year colleges and universities
  • Two-year and community colleges
  • Technical schools
  • Medical and professional schools
  • Complete a college level teacher preparation program to teach in the public school system.
  • Obtain teaching certificate/license for desired subject area and/or grade level. Requirements for certification/licensure vary by state.
  • Gain multiple certifications to increase employability.
  • Private schools may not require certification or licensure. Obtain master’s degree in subject area for increased employability.
  • A master’s degree in school counseling and appropriate certification are required to practice counseling in the schools.
  • Earn Ph.D. to teach and research at four-year institutions. Master’s or Ph.D. degree is required to teach at two-year schools.
  • Participate in research as an undergraduate. Take research coursework, become involved with faculty research, get to know graduate students.
  • Join appropriate professional organization and attend conferences as a student.
  • Obtain a master’s degree in student personnel, student development, counseling, or library/information sciences for student affairs and librarian positions.
  • Gain related experience on campus through student leadership opportunities such as Peer Mentors, Resident Assistants, or Orientation Leaders.


Government

  • Social Statistics
  • Program Analysis
  • Demography
  • Public Administration
  • Policy Analysis
  • Research
  • Program Development
  • City Planning
  • Federal government:
    • There are over 170 federal departments and
      agencies
  • State and local governments
  • Supplement curriculum with coursework in statistics and social research.
  • Develop exceptional computer, communication, and research skills.
  • Gain work experience via government internships, part-time jobs, or summer work.
  • Develop a specialty such as aging, family, criminal justice, or healthcare.
  • Seek leadership roles in relevant student groups.
  • Become involved in student government.
  • Participate in cross-cultural organizations. Interact with the international community on campus.
  • Research government agencies and identify federal job titles that are right for your combination of education and experience.
  • Maintain a strong grade point average.
  • Obtain a graduate degree for advanced positions.
  • Learn the federal job application process and seek assistance from campus career centers.
  • Consider beginning a career with the government by joining the military or Peace Corps. Such experiences can open doors to government positions.


Social Science Research

  • Research
  • Data Analysis
  • Policy or Program Analysis
  • Demographics
  • Market Research
  • Information Sourcing
  • Universities
  • Government agencies
  • Research institutes
  • Non-profit agencies
  • Private industries
  • Advertising and marketing firms
  • Consulting firms
  • Information brokers
  • Newspapers, magazines, news agencies
  • Public opinion research polls
  • Develop exceptional quantitative, statistical, writing, and organizational skills.
  • Learn to use statistical software packages as well as database, spreadsheet, and presentation programs.
  • Volunteer to help a professor with a research project or complete original research through an independent study class.
  • Develop an area of expertise through relevant experience, coursework, or advanced degree.
  • Obtain an advanced degree in sociology for research administration positions.
  • Earn certification in applied social research by The American Sociological Association.
  • Network with professionals working in areas of interest.
  • Gain experience working on teams and communicating ideas with others from varying disciplines


Business

  • Human Resources
    • Training and Development
    • Recruiting
  • Management
  • Sales
  • Marketing
  • Public Relations
  • Office Administration
  • Insurance firms
  • Retail stores
  • Banks
  • Staffing agencies
  • Manufacturing companies
  • Service industries
  • Non-profit organizations
  • Healthcare organizations
  • Government
  • Education
  • Supplement curriculum with appropriate coursework (accounting, finance, management, etc.) or earn a minor in business or communications.
  • Gain relevant experience through part-time jobs, summer work, and internships.
  • Learn to use software applications such as spreadsheets, databases, and presentations.
  • Hone written and oral communication skills.
  • Join related professional associations.
  • Seek leadership roles on campus.
  • Be willing to start in a management-trainee program or other entry-level positions.
  • When job searching, seek employers interested in hiring “any major.”
  • Understand the top skills employers desire and be prepared to demonstrate them, such as communication (oral and written), computer, interpersonal, leadership and teamwork, etc.


Environmental Sociology

  • Land and Water Conservation
  • Planning
  • Law
  • Preserve Management
  • Natural Resource Management
  • Land Acquisition
  • Parks and Outdoor Recreation
  • Environmental Education
  • Advocacy/Lobbying
  • Administration and Management
  • Recreation Planning
  • Research
  • Site Operations and Maintenance
  • Ecotourism
  • Waste management firms
  • Health agencies
  • Local planning agencies
  • Environmental advocacy groups
  • Non-profit organizations
  • Local, state, and federal government agencies
  • National Park Service
  • State, county, or city parks
  • Consulting firms
  • Private industry
  • Media companies
  • Environmental periodicals
  • Resorts and marinas
  • Privately owned facilities
  • Tourism agencies
  • Land trust organizations such as The Nature Conservancy or Trust for Public Land
  • Enhance curriculum with courses in ecology, environmental science, and statistics.
  • Choose a minor or concentration in environmental studies or issues.
  • Join environment-related student organizations.
  • Volunteer to work on environmental clean-up projects with an organization such as Student Conservation Association (SCA).
  • Find a related internship, part-time, or summer job.
  • Obtain a graduate degree or law degree for advancement or to work in specific areas.
  • Obtain legal, real estate, and financial skills through coursework, internships, or part-time jobs.
  • Participate in travel and/or recreation programs.
  • Learn environmental laws and regulations.
  • Join professional associations and environmental groups as ways to network.


General Information and Strategies

  • Many transferable skills such as analytical, organizational, research, interpersonal, computer, leadership, teamwork, and oral/written communication are associated with the sociology degree.
  • Internships, part-time jobs, summer jobs, and/or volunteer experiences are critical to reaching career goals. Research fields of interests and gain the right skills, experiences, and advanced degrees (if necessary).
  • An undergraduate degree is sufficient for many entry-level positions in non-profit organizations, business, and government.
  • An bachelor’s in sociology prepares students for graduate or professional education in sociology, law, counseling, psychology, social work, medicine, education, college student personnel, higher education administration, planning, and other related fields. Research pre-requisites for graduate or professional programs of interest.
  • To enhance graduate or professional school opportunities, maintain a high grade point average, secure strong faculty recommendations, join student or professional organizations, and gain relevant experience outside of the classroom through work, internship, volunteer, and research opportunities.
  • Get involved with a population of interest (i.e., children, college students, elderly adults) and develop multicultural sensitivity and understanding.
  • Talk with professionals working in areas of interest and build a network of contacts.