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Area
Employer
Information/Strategies

Production and Management

  • Livestock Production :
    • Dairy Cattle, Beef Cattle, Swine, Equine, Sheep, Goat, Poultry
  • Livestock Feed:
    • Production, Development, Quality Control, Distribution/Marketing
  • Meat and Dairy Foods:
    • Production, Development, Quality Control, Distribution/Marketing
  • Inspection
  • Farm and ranch operations
  • Feed companies and operations
  • Meat and dairy processors
  • Processing plants
  • Inspection services
  • Extension services
  • Government:
    • Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
    • Food Safety and Inspection Service
    • Department of Agriculture
    • Department of Health and Human Services
    • Food and Drug Administration
  • Develop physical stamina, outdoor skills and comfort being in close proximity with large and small animals.
  • Gain work experience in area of interest through internships, summer jobs or part-time work.
  • Minor in business if interested in management or self-employment.
  • Participate in related clubs and competition teams.
  • Become familiar with federal job application procedures for government work.


Agribusiness and Communication

  • Sales
    • Livestock
    • Feed
    • Pharmaceuticals
    • Agriculture Chemicals
    • Livestock Supplies
    • Equipment: Farm and Feedlot
  • Management
  • Marketing
  • Public Relations
  • Customer Service
  • Agribusinesses: livestock and feed
  • Pharmaceutical companies
  • Equipment and supply companies
  • Food and meat processing companies
  • Animal health firms
  • Breed organizations
  • Food distributors
  • Financial institutions
  • Livestock publications
  • Professional associations, i.e. National Cattlemen’s Beef Association
  • Obtain a part-time job or internship in sales to gain experience, as these positions are often stepping stones to higher-level positions.
  • Consider earning a business minor to obtain knowledge of fundamental business principles.
  • Develop excellent communication, organization and problem solving skills along with initiative.
  • Take additional courses in interpersonal communication, public speaking and journalism.
  • Prepare to work independently during irregular and/ or long hours.
  • Learn to work well under pressure and to be comfort- able in a competitive environment.
  • Demonstrate motivation to reach sales quotas while maintaining a commitment to customer satisfaction.
  • Seek extensive knowledge of merchandise for sale.
  • Join related student organizations and competition teams and seek leadership roles.


Education

  • Teaching
  • Non-classroom Education
  • Extension
  • Schools (elementary, secondary and post-secondary)
  • Extension services
  • Agricultural agencies
  • Agricultural communications and media firms
  • Agribusinesses
  • Government:
    • Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
    • Food Safety and Inspection Service
    • Department of Agriculture
    • Department of Health and Human Services
    • Food and Drug Administration
    • National Science Foundation
    • Develop excellent communication skills including verbal, written and interpersonal.
    • Obtain teacher certification, which varies by state, for public school opportunities.
    • Secure master’s degree for teaching at community or two-year institutions; a doctoral degree is necessary for college and university teaching.
    • Gain related experience through volunteer positions, summer jobs or internships with age group of interest.
    • Seek leadership roles in student organizations. Be prepared to live in rural communities for extension positions.


Veterinary Medicine

  • Areas of Specialization
    • Small Animal Care
    • Large Animal Care
    • Food Safety
    • Preventative Medicine
    • Surgery
    • Public Health
    • Laboratory Animal Medicine
    • Research
    • Inspection
  • Group or private practice
  • Government:
    • Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
    • Food Safety and Inspection Service
    • Department of Agriculture
    • Department of Health and Human Services
    • Food and Drug Administration
    • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • State and local government
  • Colleges of veterinarian medicine
  • Medical schools
  • Research laboratories
  • Animal food companies
  • Inspection services
  • Pharmaceutical companies
  • Zoos
  • Wildlife sanctuaries
  • Research veterinary programs, take pre-vet courses to meet veterinary school requirements, and prepare for application process.
  • Maintain an excellent grade point average.
  • Gain experience through volunteer positions, part-time jobs, or summer work. Consider working as a Veterinary Technician.
  • Secure strong recommendations from professors.
  • Develop physical stamina, outdoor skills and comfort being in close proximity with large and small animals.
  • Exercise close attention to detail.
  • Practice strong interpersonal skills.
  • Gain extensive laboratory and research experience for research positions.
  • Obtain internships at zoos or other wildlife sanctuaries.
  • Become active in pre-vet and other related clubs.
  • Prepare to take the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) and/or Medical College Admission Test (MCAT). Vet schools can require either test.


BIOSCIENCE (biotechnology-driven fields)

  • Research
  • Biomedical Animal Models
  • Product and Process Development Animal Genetic Engineering Genetics and Animal Breeding
  • Animal Nutrition, Health, Disease Control Food Science
  • Product and Process Development
  • Government laboratories
  • Corporate laboratories
  • Colleges and universities
  • Livestock producers Breeding firms
  • Pharmaceutical companies
  • Animal health companies
  • Zoos
  • Wildlife sanctuaries
  • Advanced degrees are often required for these positions. Discuss graduate school options with your adviser on a regular basis; prepare material for application process.
  • Pursue extensive laboratory and research experience by working in faculty laboratories through special problems courses, as a student employee or through other departmental programs.
  • Develop strong attention to detail, analytical skills and the ability to persevere through specialized research projects.
  • Supplement curriculum with additional science courses in relevant areas (genetics, animal behavior, microbiology).
  • Seek experience in area of interest through intern- ships, co-ops or summer or part-time work.
  • Plan to work outdoors and closely with small and large animals for some positions.
  • Research post-graduate certification options through the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS).
  • Learn federal job application procedures.


Animal Care and Service

  • Behavior/Training Caretaking
  • Grooming
  • Breeding
  • Animal Assisted Therapy
  • Kennels
  • Boarding facilities
  • Shelters
  • Self-employed
  • Training facilities
  • Grooming facilities
  • Rescue organizations
  • Humane societies
  • City/county animal control organizations
  • Breed organizations
  • Veterinary practices
  • Stables
  • Zoos
  • Research facilities
  • Most people employed in the companion animal industry learn through on the job
  • Seek volunteer or paid positions in community facilities, e. grooming, rescue, and boarding.
  • Consider training and certifications through organizations such as International Boarding and Pet Services Association and National Dog Groomer’s Association of America,
  • Expect to work evenings, weekends, holidays and for shifts of 24 hours at a
  • Develop physical stamina, patience and problem- solving skills, particularly for training
  • Animal assisted therapy opportunities are typically Seek trainer/pet handling courses through organizations such as Delta Society.
  • Research post-graduate certification via the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS) for laboratory animal care positions


Quality Control

  • Livestock Feed Inspection
  • Harvest Operation Inspection
  • Meat and Dairy Inspection
  • Government:
    • Food and Drug Administration
    • S. Department of Agriculture
  • Inspection services
  • Farm and ranch operations
  • Develop physical stamina, outdoor skills and comfort being in close proximity with large and small animals.
  • Become familiar with federal job application procedures for government work.
  • Gain work experience in area of interest through internships, summer jobs, or part-time work.
  • Join student organizations and seek leadership roles.
  • Participate in competition teams.
  • Practice strong interpersonal skills.
  • Exercise close attention to detail.


 

 

General Information and Strategies

  • As an undergraduate, seek laboratory experiences such as research projects, volunteering with professors, summer jobs or
  • Participate in research programs and internships sponsored by government organizations and private
  • Consider a veterinary technician or technologist program accredited by the American Veterinary medical Association (AVMA) or a specialized master’s program to qualify for research technician
  • Earn master’s degree for greater variety and autonomy on the Earn a Ph.D. to work on high-level research projects, to direct research programs, to enter high levels of administration, and to teach at four-year post-secondary institutions. Postdoctoral fellowships may also be required.
  • Learn to work independently and as part of a
  • Combine an undergraduate degree with a degree in law, business, education, communication and information science, or other discipline to expand career
  • Consider earning an MBA after gaining work experience to reach the highest levels of agribusiness
  • The animal sciences are good preparation for a career in healthcare such as medicine, dentistry, pharmacology, and veterinary science, but professional degrees and licenses are also necessary to practice in these fields. Become familiar with the specific entrance exam for graduate or professional schools in your area of
  • Join professional associations and community organizations and read related journals to stay abreast of current issues in the field and to develop networking contacts.
  • Actively participate in student organizations, competition teams and other related
  • Secure strong relationships and personal recommendations from professors and/or
  • Learn federal, state and local government job application The federal government is the largest employer of scientists.
  • Gain experience with grant writing and fundraising Often research must be funded in this manner.